Ovarian cysts are sacs filled with fluids or other substances located on or in an ovary. In some cases, these cysts need to be removed surgically. Multiple ovarian cysts may be a sign of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). A diagnosis of PCOS indicates the need for careful monitoring of symptoms and ongoing PCOS treatment, which may include an ovarian cystectomy procedure.
An ovarian cystectomy procedure removes cysts from an affected ovary. A cystectomy may be required if a cyst:
• Affects fertility
• Causes pain
• Doesn't go away after several periods
• Grows larger over several cycles
• Shows signs of being malignant
Having ovarian cysts doesn't always require an ovarian cystectomy procedure. In most cases, ovarian cysts won't cause any problems and will disappear on their own. Your doctor may prescribe birth control pills to prevent ovulation, lowering the possibility of cyst development. In some cases, PCOS treatment may involve removing cyst fluids through a needle.
Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy
A laparoscopic cystectomy procedure is a relatively minor surgery, usually lasting no longer than an hour. The doctor places the patient under general anesthesia, and inserts a thin tube called a laparoscope through several small incisions in the abdomen. She then threads surgical tools and a fiber-optic camera through the laparoscope to perform the cystectomy.
A laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is less invasive than conventional surgeries, making it a very popular ovarian cystectomy procedure. Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy recovery times are also shorter for than those of a traditional cystectomy procedure.
In most cases, a cystectomy removes only the cyst, leaving the ovaries intact. If, however, laparoscopic examination reveals the cyst is too large or connected to significant amounts of ovarian tissue, a doctor may warrant removal of the entire ovary. In order to rule out the possibility of ovarian cancer, your doctor may also biopsy any tissue that has been removed.
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